Hence there is a gulf between the laboratory experiments and life. Here ‘punishment’ is stimulus variable and ‘slow or quick speed of learning’ is known as response variable. The starting point of a clinical investigation is an individual who needs or seeks help and the procedure ideally terminates with the better adjustment of the individual.” (Sawney and Telford). "and "What are the best ways of achieving these purposes?" The clinical method is also called case study method. Education for development needs to be designed accordingly. This provides a wider scope of study in educational psychology. An artist is painting a picture. It is a psycho-analytical method applied to know the unconscious and repressed elements of an individual mind. Galton used this method in his study of individual differences and Stanley Hall in his study of childhood and adolescence. So, some of the popular methods are as below. There are some special activities which can be studied only with the help of experimental method. Psychology, we have observed before is a systematic and scientific study of human behaviour. It is helpful in understanding the learners, learning … Every phenomena cannot be studied in the laboratory e.g., to study the causes of abnormality and abnormal behaviour we cannot make our subject mad. In the above example, noise is an independent variable. It is the experimental method which has made psychology a science and put it on scientific footing. The term “variable” means that which can be varied or changed or that which changes or varies itself. The first variable (stimulus variable) can be changed by the experimenter at will and is deliberately and systematically varied to find out how this is accompanied by changes in the second set of variables (response variables). How does the perception develop? The results of introspection are only subjective. These tools and procedures help us in gathering and organising its subject-matter or the essential facts about it. It covers the study of the laws, principles, and methods of learning and remembering and in the formation of habits. The methods are: 1. TOS4. Psychology in education may help the teacher to determine a suitable method of teaching of his own. A second type of variable often studied by psychologists is the kind of instruction given to the subjects. Heredity represents the native potential and the prospect of the child and environment represents the external force that molds into a definite pattern of reaction or behavior in reality. The Observational Method 3. The experimenter can repeat the experiment for many times without any wait. They will be equated in age, intelligence socio-economic or cultural status and also in their memorising ability. The study of psychology may prepare such a mental set for the teacher. The projective technique provides the opportunity to evoke responses from the unconscious mind which reveal a person’s desire, hopes, and wishes that could not be fulfilled in reality. Presumably, this method, therefore, insists on collection of the significant data on those past events that give vent to the present psychological state of affairs. We do not have anything like a thermometer or an inch scale or weight box. The former represents one type and the latter another type of variable. Higher Secondary Education for HS 1st Year. This method, by laying emphasis on the developmental aspects of behaviour, seeks to find out the causes of that behaviour in its crude beginnings. The essence of science is controlled observation under experimental conditions. In physical sciences, experiments are performed on inorganic or dead subjects, whereas in psychology experiments are performed on living subjects. But no laboratory has studied such a man and perhaps no laboratory will be able to do that though we may succeed in studying individually the effect of each one of the above facts. The Observational Method 3. There is no need for any laboratory or apparatus. An experiment cannot be conducted at all times and all places. It studies the behavior of an individual in analytical detail, without summarizing generally accepted norms or goals out of it. Educational Psychology Books PDF- Are you searching for Educational psychology notes for B.ed then you are in the right place.Today I will provide you the complete notes on educational psychology. Then only one may be conscious of its need that motivates for study. It is used by clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, psychiatric social works and teachers in child guidance clinics or mental hygiene centers or in ordinary school situations. Educational psychology is the applied knowledge gained from psychology uses in the classrooms. Depending on the instructions, a subject may have a set to respond in different ways. Subjects constituting the control group do not receive the drug whereas those of the experimental group do set it. The comparison will either prove or disprove our hypothesis i.e., that the period of intellectual activity after the passage has been memorised improves or increases the amount of material remembered. Psychology is an objective or positive science. It has introduced quantitative measurement in psychology. Besides these methods, there are certain other methods that are used by educational psychologists in the collection and organisation of necessary data. This implies that the teacher should not view the child in terms of adult experiences. My mind here is to play a double role called introspection. And program for the teacher who is involved in the graph and necessary observation out! 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